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环亚手机娱乐场【nvtrqb.buzz】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。泉州粤照位文化传媒有限公司(原顺德沽迫健身服务中心)成立于1990年,占地面积89545平方米,918博天体育网站其中生产厂房占地9748平方米,仓库面积占地5874平方米。固定资产4857万元,流动资产7705万元,干部职工共513人,工程技术人员12人。环亚手机娱乐场ByWangWeiLiuTao,DRCTaskForceon"IssuesFacingSmallandMedium-sizedEnterprises:CountermeasuresunderNewCircumstances",2011Theservicesystemforsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesisasystemfortheseenterprisestogainaccesstosuchfactorresourcesasinformation,fundsandtrainedpersonnelaswellasrelevantproducerservicesinthecourseofestablishing,lopmentofsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesandisalsoamainchannelforthegovernmenttoimplementpoliciestowardsmallandmedium-dmedium-sizedenterprisesSincetheguidelineon"nurturingtheservicesystemforsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises"wasputforwardatthe4thPlenarySessionofthe15thCPCCentralCommitteeheldin1999,Chinahas,throughaseriesofsupportivepolicies,setupaninitialframeworkoftheservicesystemwiththestate-ownedserviceagenciesforsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesasthemainstayandgovernment-supportedsocialintermediaryserviceagencies(tradeassociations,chambersofcommerceandnonprofitorganizations)amajoragenciesinthecectservicefunctionsofsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesbythegovernment,suchagencieswereestablishedwithgovernmentfunds,whichprovidedservicestosmallandmedium-siz,therehadbeen525state-ownedserviceagenciesforsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesacrossthecountryandabout1/3ofprovinces,regionsandmunicipalitieshadsetuptheserviceagenciesattheprovincial,,thestate-ownedserviceagencieshavealsojoinedhandswithmorethan4,000socialized,,thenumberofcreditguaranteeinstitutionsforsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesreached5,547,,,theinformationservicesystemforsmallandmedium-sizedenterpriseshasexpandedfromanationalstationin2000to47provincialstationsand949subsidiarystations,ope,,thecentralgovernmenthasmadeatotalinputofapproximately180millionyuanandcompletedthefreecentralizedtrainingof300,000persons,thelong-distancenet-basedtrainingof500,,thecentralgovernmenthasmotivatedlocalgove,,thece,providingsupportfor522serviceagenciesandofferedservicesto119,,,thecentralgovernmenthasarrangedthebudgetaryspecialfundsandspecialdevelopmentfundsfortheservicesystemforsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisestotaling500millionyuanandsupported238constructionprojectsconductedinregionsa,23provinces,autonomousregionsandmunicipalitieshaveprovidedfundsupportfortheconstructionandoperationoftheplatformswithanearmarkedfundof480millionyuanand1,,relevantfacilitationshaveb,theStatesetupthe"InternationalMarketExploitationFundforSmallandMedium-sizedEnterprises"tosubsidizesuch,theChinaInternationalSmallandMediumEnterprisesFairhasbeenheldatregularintervals,furtheringtheconstructionofthecont,theStatehasalsoactivelyinitiatedandencouragedlargeenterprisestosetuprelativelystablecoordi,theservicesystemhasalsoachievedprogressintermsoflegalserviceandmanagementconsultingandhasfacilitatedthedevstemforsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesWhenadvancingtheconstructionoftheservicesystem,alllocalitieshavemadeinnovativeexplorationsofservi,innovationsaremadeonmodeoforder-basedpurchaseofservicesbysmallandmedium-sizedenterprises,namely,smallandmedium-sizedenterprisesplaceordersthroughquestionnaires,,thestate-ownedserviceagenciesforsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesorganizefinesocialresourcestooffertherightspecialservicesand,innovationsaremadeonmodeofserviceconnection,servicealliancesorspecializedsupermarketsaresetupforsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises,professionalserviceagenciesofcreditguarantee,managementconsulting,technologypopularizationandtaxationagencyareselectedtorealizethelinkageofsmallandmedium-sizedenterpriseswithexcellentserviceresourcesandtooffer,agenciesofthistypehaveservedanaccumulativetotalofmorethan600,000smallandmedium-sizedenterprises.ByQinZhongchun,ResearchDepartmentofRuralEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo179,2012(Total4181)sCultivatedLandResourcesSincethereformandopeningup,Chinaseconomicandsocialprogresshasdevelopedcontinuouslyandrapidly,,Chinahasat,arelativelycompletepolicysystemhascurrentlycomeintobeingand,withthelandmanagementlawastheprincipalpart,thesaidsystemtakestheoverallplanforlandutilizationandtheutilizationcontrolasthemeansandadoptsastheinstrumentsthebasicfarmlandpreservationsystem,therequisition-compensationbalancesystem,thelanddevelopment,rearrangementandreclamationpoliciesaswellasthecultivatedlandpreservation,dlandresourcesandsuchmeasuresarebeingmadeincreasinglystrict,basicsupplyofcultivatedlandresourcesforfoodproductionandforothercropproductionsisafoundationforhandlingtherelationshipsbesedbytherapidexpansionofindustrializationandurbanization,Chinahasimplementedarigorouscultivate,Chinahasunveiledregulationsrestrictinganyw,thegovernmenthasformulatedandimplementedtheOverallPlanforLandUtilization,(15mumakeonehectare)ofarablelandbytheyear2020,andhastakenthisobjectiveasa"redline"thatmustbedefendedtenaciouslyandbroughtittoeffectineveryyear,atpresent,thecultivatedlandresourceshavebeenwellpreservedonthewhole,andthesupplyofarablelandresourcesforfoodsafetyhasbeenbasicallyguaranteed,,thankstothepreservationofthecultivatedlandresources,Chinasgrainacreagehasmountedupsteadily,andthecountryendedonthestate-formulatedOverallPlanforLandUtilization(2006~2020)tomapout,theyhavedrawnupvariouskindsofplansincludingregionaldevelopmentplansandurbandevelopmentplpreservation,theprovincesandmatedlandresourcesTherequisition-compensationbalanceofcultivatedlandresourcesisoneofthemostimportantmanagementmeasu,remarkableresultshavebeenachievedunderthesystem,notonlyprovidingvaluablespacefortheaccelerationofurbanization,butalsoeasingtoacertainextentthepressurecausedbynon-agriculturallan,thenati,200millionmuoflandresourcesofvarioustypeswererearranged,reclaimedanddevelopedwithgreatefforts,andthearablelandresourceswereincreasedby31millionmu,,betteringtheconditionsforagriculturalproduction,suchasfieldirrigationworks,networksofforestsandroads,improvingthequalityofthearablelandresourcesandlayingasol,currentlyvariouslocalitiesareseekingself-balanceormakinglandadjustmentwithotherlocalitiesmainlythroughexploitationofunutilizedlandonamassivescale,throughrenovationofsomepoorarablelandresourcesavailableinruralareasandthroughsupplementationandincreaseofarablelandresourcestoprovidelandquotasfornon-ag,inaccordancewiththepolicyof"supplementingarablelandresourcespriortolandoccupationforconstructionpurposes","supplementingthearablelandresourcesequivalenttothoseoccupiedfornon-agriculturalconstructionpurposes"and"makingarequisition-compensationbalance",relevantdepartmentsoflandandresourcesofvariouslocalitiesmakeinvestigationsandsetuplandrearrangementprojectsand,inthelightofthestate-issuedarablelandoccupationplansfornon-agriculturalconstructionandthearablelandsupplementationplans,,organizetheconstructionoftheprojectsaccordingtotheconstructionprojectmanagementmeasuresandexercisesupervision,ementedarablelandandimprovethequalityofnewly-increasedarableland,:First,theyhavepeeledthearablelayersoffthelandoccupiedbynewly-increasedroadsandditchesinthefieldsforconstructionworks,thefarmlandoccupiedbycentralvillagesorcompactcommunities,andslopelandrenovatedintoterracedfields,andmovedthepeeled-offfertilesoiltonewarablelandtoimprovethequalityofnewly-increasedarablelandandincreasethesoilfertility;second,throughcomprehensiveimprovementofthefields,waterresources,roads,woodsandvillagesintheprojectareas,theyhaveimprovedmedium-andlow-yieldfields,renovatedslopelandintoterracedfields,transformeddampfieldsandbuiltdrainageandirrigationcanalsandditches;andthird,basedonthestandardof100yuanforeachmuofnewly-increasedarableland,theagriculturaldepartmentshaveconductedsoil-testingformula-fertilizationintheprojectareasand,tomeettherequirementforagriculturalindustrializationafterthecompletionofprojects,haveputforwardsoilimprovementreportsandhavetestedthesoilimprovementaftercompletionoftheprojects.。

    ByChenJianpengLiZuojun,ResearchInstituteofResourcesandEnvironmentPoliciesofDRCResearchReportNo168,2012Sincetheturnofthe21stcentury,progresshasbeenmadeinChina,pollutionstillincreasesonthewholecurrentlyinChina,dinlinewiththeinvestigationsandresearchesintothecontrolexercisedbyvariouslocalitiesoverenvironmentalpollution,thisreportreviewsinretrospectsthecontroloverenvironmentalpollutioncarriedoutsincethe21stcenturyand,inthemeantime,itlooksaheadtotheenv(1)ThegrowthoftotalCODdischargedhasbeenbasicallyheldincheckDuring2001~2010,thetotalamountofchemicaloxygendemand(COD)dischargedfromwastewaternationwideshowedadownwardtrendonthewhole,,CODdischargedfromindustrialchemicalsdecreased,;,,CODdischargedfromwastewaternationwideincreasedinsteadofdecreasing,,thetotalamountofCODdischargedrespectivelyfromwastewater,industri,%over2005,outperformingtheoverallemissionreductiontasksetinthe11thFive-YearPlan3.ByBaShusong,ResearchInstituteofFinanceofDRCResearchReportNo17,2013(Total4266)Recently,withbankfinancialproductsbecomingahotspottopicinChina,,thedefinition,connotationandmeaningoftheshadowbankinggivenbytheinternationalfinancialcirclearecloselylinkedwiththeeconomicandfinancialstructures,differentstagesoffinanciald,managingdirectorofPacificInvestmentManagementCompany(PIMCO),,theinternationalf:ScopingtheIssues,aresearchreportpublishedbyFinancialStabilityBoard(FSB)inApril2011,shadowbankingrefersto"asystemofcreditintermediationthatinvolvesentitiesandactivitiesoutsidetheregularbankingsystem,andraisessystemicriskaswellasregulatoryarbitrageconcerns."Factorsfortheshadowbankingtotriggersystemicrisksmainlyinclude:maturitymismatch,liquiditytransformation,arly,thestructuresoftheshadowbankingarevariedduetothevarietyoffinancialstructures,differentdevelopmentstagesoffinancntermediationsystemconductedthroughriskdiversificationandleverageenlargementcenteredonsecuritizationofmoneymarketfundssuchasinvestmentfundsandinvestmentbanks,whereasshadowbankinginEuropemainlyincludespresentfinancialsystemlikethoseholdingadominantpositionihadowbankingfromdifferentperspectivestocorrespondtothepresentChinesefinancialmarket,whichgenerallyincludesfourscopes:thenarrowestscope,whichmakesshadowbankingtoonlyinvolvebankfinancingbusinessandtrustcompanies;thenarrowscope,whichinvolvesbankfinancingbusinessandsuchnon-bankfinancialinstitutionsastrustcompanies,financecompanies,autofinancingcompanies,financialleasingcompaniesandconsumerfinancecompanies;thewidescope,whichinvolvessuchform-basedbusinessasthenarrowscope,inter-bankbusinessandentrustedloans,aswellassuchnon-bankfinancialinstitutionsasfinancingassurancecompanies,petty-loancompaniesandpawnshopsandsoforth;thewidestscope,ttentionandiscurrentlythemostprevalent,namely,thenon-bankfinancialinstitutionssuchasbankfinanropeandtheUnitedStatesBasedonabove-mentioneddefinitionandfeaturedescription,andinlinewiththeperformanceoftheshadowbankingsystemintheinternationalfinancialcrisis,scopingtheshadowbankingshouldmainlyincludethefollowingthreeaspects:First,whethe,shadowbankingintheUnitedStatesandEurope,suchasthehedgefund,hadnotbeenmonitoredtothefulland,propelledbysuchfinancialinnovationsascounterpurchaseandassetsecuritization,suchinstitutionshadconstantlyexpande,whethershadowbankingischaracterizedbymaturitymismatchandhigh-leverageoperation,,theshadowbankingliabilitiesintheUnitedStatesandEuropewerefocusedonshort-termwholesalefinance,suchastheinter-banklendingandcommercialbills,butinvestmentsweremadeinprotractedandpoorlymobileassetssuchasassetsbackedsecurities,,thebalancesheetsofthemajorUSinvestmentbankshadexpandeddrastically,evenwiththeaverageleveragescoringa40-foldincreaseorsoand,duringthecrisis,theferociousde-,whethershadowbankingisofrelevanceandinfectiousness,,theshadowbankingsystemhadcorrelatedwiththecommercialbankingsystembymeansofbusinesscontactandequityinvestmentinEuropeandtheUnitedStates,spreadingthecrisis-incurredrisksquicklyfromtheshadowbankingsystemtothetrad,althoughthedrivingforcebehindtheemergenceoftheshadowbankingsysteminChinaisbasicallyaimedattheregulatoryarbitrageandisalsocharacterizedbyliquiditytransformationandcreditrisks,andalthoughsomeriskcontrollinksshouldbestrengthened,theshadowbankingsystemhasbeenbroughtundertheregularsupervisionsystemonthewholeandisnottypicallycharacterizedbythehighleverageandthematuritymismatchthatmaytriggersystemicrisksand,meanwhile,thesizeofthesaid,,thebankfinancialproductsfallwithinthestatisticalrequirementsenforcednowbysupervisiondepartments,theperformanceofthefinancialproductsissuedbycommercialbanksshouldbesubmittedtosupervisiondepartmentsatregularintervals,andtheparticularsofthefinancialproductsshouldalsobesubmittedtmmercialBankspromulgatedin2005andtheMeasuresonManagementofSalesofFinancialProductsofCommercialBanksimplustcompanies,includingaccessmanagementandcapitalregulation(MeasuresonManagementofNetCapitalofTrustCompanydemandsthatthetrustcompaniesnetcapital-to-riskcapital-ratioshouldsurpass100%).ConstrainedbysuchrulesandregulationsastheMeasuresonManagementofFinanceCompaniesofEnterpriseGroups,theProvisionalMeasuresontheAssessmentofIndicatorsMonitoringRisksofFinanceCompaniesofEnterpriseGroups,theMeasuresfortheImplementationofAdministrativeApprovalsforNon-BankFinancialInstitutions,theMeasuresonManagementofAutoFinancingCompaniesandthePilotMeasuresonManagementofConsumerFinanceCompanies,thesupervisioncompanies,withreferencetotheregulatoryrequirementsovercommercialbanks,havesetupacompletesetofprud,Chinasshadowbankingsystemindependentlyandrelevantinformationshouldbedisclosedfullytomatcheverysumoffundswithcorrespondingassetsandtoenableeachearningstocovertherisksonthewhole(AccordingtoWinddata,theanticipatedannualrateofreturnonbanks%,%,andwithinthesame6-monthperiod,%%respectively;accordingtoSB,anAmerican-fundedsecuritytrader,onlylessthan10%ofthefinancialproductsyieldaninterestratehigherthan5%).Hence,risksoffinancialproductsshouldbebasicallyclosetothoseofsimilarinvestmentproductsiseway,thetimelimitforover90%oftheassetsisgenerallywithin5years,andthedegreeofm,currentlytrustcompaniesinChinashouldnotoperateonborrowingsandcannotgiveloanstobankseither,,thetrustfundsarebeingoperatedinaseal-offway,,highleverageandmaturitymismatcharenotthefeaturesofthetrustfunds....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.10-200米XiaoJunyanChinahasscoredth~2010period,grainoutputincreasedatanaverageannualrateof3%,grainoutputstayedabovethe500-billion-kilogramlevelforfourconsecutiveyears,sfoodsecurity,namelyfragilebalance,forcedbalanceandstrainedbalance(orthreeweaknessesforshort),"landfinance"pressureonregionalgovernments,themushroomingofruralhouseswithlimitedpropertyrights,theaggravationoffarmlanddegradationandpollution,thedeclineinagriculturallaborquality,,the"threeweaknesses"ofChinasfoodsecuritywillbecomeevenmoreprominentifChinafailstomakecorrectstrategicadjustments,offerstrongpolicysupport,,theshortageofwaterresourcesandthedeclineinfarmlandquantityandqualitywillhaveaseriousimpactonChinasFoodSecurityinPastDecadeForlong,poornaturalendowmentandhugepopulationhaveledtothe"threeweaknesses"ofChina,,forcedbalancereferstoincreasedeconomicandsocialinputsandstronggovernmentadministration,andstsupplyanddemand,withasmallsurplus,,however,importedgrainhasclaimedarisingproportioninChinas95%"threeweaknesses"ofChina,whiletotalgrainoutputincreasedforsevenyearsinarowforthefirsttime,th,Chinasgrainimport,mainlysoybean,becameanindispensablecomponentrelatedtoChina,Chinasgrainimportapproached10~20milliontonsonlyinfourseparatedyears,~2010period,however,Chinasnetannualgrainimpo,importedgrain,mainlysoybean,%ofChina,importsubstitutionhasbeenprominentinChina,Chinasgrainreservewasequivalenttoabout40%ofitstotalannualconsumption,whichwasfarhigherthanthe18%,grainreserveisamulti-yearaccumulationofgrainsurplus,~2008periodwasdeducted,,whichwasequivalenttoonlyabout10%,mass"landimport",Chinasoilseed-growingacreageisabout200millionmu(15mumakeonehectare),whichisfaroutnumberedbyt,thegrowingacreageofannualsoybeanimportexpandedfrom100millionmuto442millionmuduringthe2001~%ofChina,theimportofediblevegetableoil,whichhasacloserelationshipwithgrainsubstitutionhasrisensharply,fromlessthan2milliontonstoover9milliontonsinthe2000~,theaverageannualimportduringthe2007~2010periodwasabout8milliontons,accountingforabout40%ofChina,itequalstoanimportofover40milliontonsofsoybean,,Chinasrisingdependence,,itisanindicationthattheriseindomesticgrently,Chinaspercapitagrainconsumptionis395kilogramsandishighlylikelytoreach410~sconsumptionofmajorfooditemsh,theruralleveloffoodconsumptionisfarlowerthantheurbanlevel,withtheruralspendingonfood,meat,poultry,,ndassumingtheruralconsumptionofanimalfooditemswillreach70%oftheurbanlevelby2020,endingonhousing,medicalcareandeducation,eachpersoninChinawillconsumeanadditional15~~415kilogramsofgrain,thetotalgraindemandwillreach585~592billionkilogramsby2020(includingdirectfoodconsumption,feedconsumption,industrialconsumption,andseeds).。

    优发体育娱乐WeiJigangThekeyindustriessuchaspetrochemicals,ironandsteel,nonferrousmetals,equipmentmaking,electronicinformation,lightindustry,textiles,auto-makingandshipbuildingenewcenturyandtheoutburstofthefinancialcrisis,wiskeyindustrieshavedevelopedrapidlyinrecentyearsduetoacceleratedindustrializationandurbanization,high-levelmarketizationandopeningup,continuousscienceandtechnologyadvance,activepolicysupport,richfactorinput,acceleratedtransferofsomeindustriesfromdevelopedcountriestoChina,~2008period,theaverageannualaddedvaluegrowthwasabout20%forthepetrochemicalindustry,morethan20%forthelightindustry,%fortheequipmentindustry,and56%~2007period,%.Theautosalesgrewatanaverageannualrateof21%duringthe2000~erageannualrateofabout30%duringthe2001~%%duringthe2001~2008period,andt%duringthe2002~,,,35milliontonsofprocessedfibers,,,,,,137millionmicrocomputers,560millioncellphones,,nearlyhalfofcellphones,ICs,colorTVsets,displays,programmedswitchboards,thekeyindustries,butmostoftheseindustrieshavemaintainedahigh-growthmommentofChinaonoftenmajorindustries,thedrasticincreaseofgovernmentspending,thesubsidizedsalesofhomeappliancestoruralareas,thetrade-inofautomobilesandhomeappliancesfornewones,theadjustmentoftherealestatetransactiontax,theexemptionofpersonalincometaxfromtheinterestsofsavingsanddeposits,theadjustmentoftariffsforsomeexportproductsandexportrebates,em,thepromotionofemployment,,adjustingindustrialstructure,spurringdomesticdemand,promotingsocialstability,,andsolvedshort-termdifficultiesencounteredinindustrialdevelopment,thusensuringthestayingpowerforsustainedin,,mostofthekeyindustriesmaintainedafairlyhighgrowthbutsomeofthemwereseriously%,%forthechemicalindustry,%%,%,%%,theoutputvalueoftheenterprisesabovethestate-designatedscaletotaled10,,%,theoutputvalueofth%,orup47%,theoutputvalueofthe53,110textileenterprisesabovethestate-designatedscaletotaled3,,%,,%%,%009sincethebeginningofthenewcendastheworldeconomygraduallywarmedup,,,%ndentinnovationcapacity,industriallayoutandownershipstructure.(1)Boththeindependentinththroughthecourseof"import,digestion,absorptionandinnovation".Thankstotheirhighgrowth,thekeyindustrieshavegradu,anewtechnologicalinnovationmodelthatfeaturestheleadingrolesofenterprises,theguidanceofmarketsandthecooperationbetweenenterprises,universitiesandresearchinstitutionshasbeendeveloped,theinnovationoutputshavebeengrowingannually,technologicalbreakthroughshavebeenmadeinsomekeysectors,andtheoverallcapacityforindependentinnovationhasbecomesomewhatstronger.LiZhijunTheCPCCentralCommitteeandtheStateCouncilhave,basedonthestates863Program,973Program,theProgramfortheStudyandIndustrializationofGeneticallyModifiedPlants,andtheProgramfortheIndustrializationofNewandHighTechnologies,theexecutivemeetingoftheStateCouncildeliberatedandapprovedinprincipletheim,progresshasbeenmadeinthecultureofnewtransgenicvarieties,thecloningofnewgenes,transgenictechnology,bio-safetytechnology,andtheindustrializationofthesetechnologiesthroughcontinuedeffort,theStateCouncilissuedPoliciesforAcceleratingtheDevelopmentofBio-industry,inwhichitsetforwardtheconceptof"acceleratingthebuildingofbio-industryintoapillarhi-techindustryandoneofthestatesstrategicemergingindustries".:"Continuetocarryoutimportanttechnologicalprogramsforcultivatingnewtransgenicvarieties;acceleratethedevelopmentoffunctionalgenesandnewbiologicalvarietieswithhighpracticalvalueandproprietaryintellectualpropertyrights;promotetheindustrializationofnewtransgenicvarietiesonthebasisofscientificevaluationandadministrationaccordingtolaw."Effortsarebeingintensifiedandthelegalsystemrefinedfortheprotectionoftheintellectualproperty(IP)ofChinawing:Article25ofthePatentLaw;afewsectionsintheStateIntellectualPropertyOffices"GuidelinesforExamination";RegulationsonAgriculturalTransgenicBio-safety;theStateCouncilinJune2008andthePoliciesforAcceleratingtheDevelopmentofBio-industrydistributedbytheGeneralOfficeoftheStateCouncil,whichcontainexplicitrulesonreinforcingbio-safetyandIPprotection,,themainproblemsinthisrespectare:imperfectlegislation,whichisdisjointedandonalowlevel;inadequatemacro-coordinationbetweendepartmentsandweaklawenforcement;insufficiantstrategicmoveforboostingagriculturethroughscientificandtechnologicaladvancesTransgenictechnology,whichisessentialtomodernbiotechnology,isknownas"oneofthemajortechnologiesappliedmostrapidlyinhumanhistory".Touseittocultivatehigh-yield,high-quality,multiresistantandefficientnewvarietiescanreducetheinputofpesticidesandfertilizersandisverymeaningfulforeasingtheresourceconstraints,protectingecologicalenvironment,improvingthequalityofproducts,ationoftransgen,enthusiasticallyfollowedbydevelopingcountries,havedesignatedtransgenictechnologyasastrategicfocusforseizingthefuturecommandingpositionofscienceandtec,genomics,andinformationsciencehasspurredtherapidprogressoftransgenic;newgenes,propertiesandproductsareconstantlyemerging;,newtransgenicvarietiesaroundtheworldaretransformingfromfirst-generationproductssuchaspest/herbicide-resistantvarietiestosecond-generationproductswithbetternutritionandhigheryieldsandthird-generationproductssuchasindustrialproducts,medicine,,th,typicallysoybeans,cotton,maizeandrape,(1mu=1/15ha.)esolutiontotheconstraintsoffarmland,waterandotherresources,tonationalfoodsecurity,antstrategygearedtofutureglobalcompetitionandthespecializationofindustries,andavitalapproachtoensuringnationalfoodsecurity;itisalsoamajordevelopmentstrategyforboostingagriculturethroughscientificandtechnologicalaecultivationofnewtransgenicvarieties,trytoseizetheeconomicandtechnologicalcommandingposition,andacceleratethestudyandapplicationoftransgenictechnology,inordertoprovidescientificandtechnologicalsupportforthesustainabledevelopmentofChinaIPoftransgenictechnologyFirst,thedevelopmentoftransgenictechn,transgenictechnologyhasamajorimpactontraditionalIPintermsofthesubjects,objects,tationduringimplementationmakesitdifficultattransgenictechnologycombinesthepartialgenesofmicroorganisms,plants,animals,ande,takingadvantageofloopholesinWTOlegislation,somedevelopedcountriesrestricttransgenicbio-productswithgreenbarriers,fthelackofafinalconclusionaboutthesafetyofgeneticallymodifiedorganisms(GMOs)intheinternationalcommunitya,certainrestrictionso,regardingthedevelopmentoftransgenictechnology,developedcountrieshavepowe,thebiodiversityresourcesindevelopingcountriesareyettobeeffectivelelatedAspectsofIntellectualPropertyRightshasbroughtaboutanunprecedenteddevelopmentandunificationoftheglobalIPregime,buttheglobalgeneticresourcesprotectionsystembuiltaroundtheConventiononBiologicalDiversityhasjustbeenlaunchedandislessenforceablethantheAgreement,hencetheglobalsituationofthes,developedcountriesvoraciouslypreyonandtakecontrolofthegeneticresourcesofdevelopingcountries,developnewvarietiesofcropswithadvancedtechnology,applyforpatentprotection,andgainhugeprofitsbysellingtheresultstodevelopingcountriesaspatentedtechnologiesandfruitsathighprices.ChinaEntrepreneursSurveySystemofhumanresourceresearchandtrainingcenterofDRCResearchReportNo127,2010TheEntrepreneurSurveySystemattachedtotheHumanResourceStudyandTrainingCenterofDRChasissued16,000questionnaireson"Follow-upQuestionnaireSurveyofChineseBusinessOperators2009",5,31provinces,,thenumbe%%respectively;t%,%%,%.,butthinkitmoredi%ofbusinessoperatorsare"quitefamiliarwith"or"familiarwith"relevantstrategictheories,%ofthemare"familiaronthewhole"%ofthemare"quiteunfamiliar"or"lessfamiliar";over70%ofenterpriseshavemappedoutwrittenstrategicplansforaperiodofmorethanoneyearandlessthan1/3ofthemhaveformulatedstrategicplansforaperiodofoverthreeyears;%ofbusinessoperatorsagreeorquiteagreethat"itismuchmoredifficulttoimplementthestrategiesthantomapthemout",%%,(Theevaluationofestimateiscalculatedona5-pointbasisquiteagree=5,agree=4,justagree=3,disagree=2,quitedisagree=,),,businessoperatorshavebasicallyrecognizedtheimportanceoftheenterprisestrategyandknowaboutstrategictheories,yetonlylessthanonethirdofenterpri,mostbusinessoperatorsthinkitmuchmoredifficulttoimplementstrategiesthantomapthemout,whichsuggeststhatformulatingeffectivestrategiesandimprovingtheabilitytoimplementthest(SOEs)andpersonaldecision-makingispracticedinnon-state-ownedbusinessesWithregardtothemainworkwhichoperatorsaredirectlyinchargeof,%oftheoperatorshavechosen"formulationofstrategies",,%oftheoperatorshavechosenthepositionof"Director/GeneralManager",rankingthetop,%ofthemhavechosenpositionsin"BoardofDirectors",rankingthesecond,withotherschoosingpostsin"managergroups"orin"highercompetentauthorities"and"leadingenterprisePartygroups".Thesurveyshowsthatdirector/generalmanagerandboardofdirectorsareonthewholethemainbodytofinalizestrategicdecisionsandfinalstrategicdecisionsaremadebydirectors/generalmanagersinhalfoftheenterprises,oupsinover60%ofthestate-ownedenterprisesandsuchdecisionsaremadebydirectors/generalmanagersinmorethan50%e-ownedenterprises,ongoperatorsisofcriticalimportancetotheenhancementofthedecision-makingabilityWithregardtothemethodsforimprovingthestrategicdecision-makingability,thesurveyshowsthatthefirstthreechoicesbybusinessoperatorsaresuccessively"optimizinghighermanagementgroups","improvingstrategicthinkingamongentrepreneurs"and"amelioratinginstitutionalframeworkandmanagementsystems".Otherchoicesinclude"encouragingemployeestoparticipateindecision-making","transformingpersonalvaluesofentrepreneurs","shapinginnovativeculture"and"optimizingprocessofstrategicdecision-making".Thesurveyshowsthat,generallyspeaking,businessoperatorsthinkthatthemainchannelsforimprovingthedecision-makingabilityaresuccessively"optimizinghighermanagementgroups","improvingstrategicthinkingamongentrepreneurs","amelioratinginstitutionalframeworkandmanagementsystems","encouragingemployeeparticipation"and"transformingpersonalvaluesofentrepreneurs".,"optimizingequitiesandcorporategovernance"issecondonlyto"optimizinghighermanagementgroups"and"improvingstrategicthinkingamongentrepreneurs",rankingthethird,whichsuggeststhat,forstateandstatecontrollingcompanies,equityoptimizationandsystematicreformisstillo"imperative"and"visionary",withlessparticipationbyemployeesThesurveyhasbeenmadeinto"imperative","visionary","formalstrategicplan"and"employeeparticipation""imperative","visionary"and"formalstrategicplan"decision-makingmodelsandspeakrelativelylowofthe"employeeparticipation"reemodelstomakedecisionsandhavelaidparticularstresson"imperative"and"visionary",the"imperative"modelhasbeenscoredthehighest,indicatingthattheimperativedecision-makingiscurrenorereacting"imperative"or"visionary"models,whichtoacertainextentreflectsthedynamicsandcomplexityofthebusinessenvironmentinChinaandstressestheimpactoftraditiona,the"employeeparticipation"modelhasbeenscoredlowly,suggestingthatemployeesofC,profitability,overallqualityandsocialperformanceand,meanwhile,hasanalyzedthecorrelationbetweendecision-makingmodelsandthebusinessperformance(Thegrowthincludessalesgrowthandmarketoccupancy;profitabilityincludesprofitmargin,profitlevelandrateofreturnoninvestment;overallqualityincludescompetitiveposition,customersatisfactionandstabilityofworkers;socialperformanceincludessocialimage,).Thesurveyshowsthat"visionary","formalstrategicplan"and"employeeparticipation"modelshaveaconspicuouspositivecorrelationwithallthefouraspectsofthebusinessperformance,whilethe"imperative"modelhasaconspicuouspositivecorrelationonlywithoverallqualityandsocialperf"imperative"modelplaysonthewholeapartofsuccessandfailureinthedevelopmentofChineseenterprisesandthat,toraisethebusinessperformance,weshouldononehandstepupthestrategicthinkinganddecision-makingabilityofbusinessoperatorsandontheotherhandshouldplaceimportanceon"visionary","formalstrategicplan"and"employeeparticipation"modelsandenhancetherationalityofthedecision-makingmodels.环亚手机娱乐场重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,FanJianjunRecently,whetherChinahasenteredintotheeraof"highinflation""highinflation",,theviewpointof"Chinaenteringintoaneraofstructuralinflation"seemsmoreaccuratet(ConsumerPriceIndex)orPPI(ProducerPriceIndex).Certainly,commoditiesinthebasket,thenwecansayanoverallinflationhastakenplaceintheeconomy;iftheriseofthepriceindexistriggeredbytheriseofthepricesofatypeorseveraltypesofcommoditiesinthebasket,,theresultindicatesthattherearesimplytwotypesofinflationintheworld:;whereasbothgeneralizedandstructuralinflationsoccurinemergingeconomiesordevelopingcountries,roughlydividedintooverallpricerisepossiblyincurredbytheexcessiveexpansionoftheaggregatedemandorbyexcessissueofmoneyandtheoverallpricerisepossiblredbytheexcessiveexpansionofthenominalaggregatedemand,ortriggeredbyexcessissueofmoney,then,,,oneo%~70%andthefundsoutstandingforforeignexchangeconstituteabout30%~40%.Duetothebiggerratioofbankloan,thepeoplesbankusuallyreducesloanstocurbtheexcessiveexpansionofmoney,whilelittleattentionhasbeenpaidtothefundsoutstandingforforeignexchangeproportioning30%~40%.Theresultofsuchcontrolovertheaggregatedemandisthatalthoughthenominalaggregatedemandcanbecontainedtoacertainextent,thecontrolwillalsoseverelyimpairtheactualaggregatesupply--whichisthemajorissueexistinginChinaroduction,andthereductionofinvestmentsignifiesthedeteriorationofthefuturepotentialcapacityoftotalcommoditysupply,the,foracountrylikeChinawhosefundsoutstandingforforeignexchangearehandsome,ifthepriceriseistriggeredbytheexcessiveexpansionofthenominalaggregatedemand,thenthepolicyaimedatcontainingnominalaggregatedemandshouldbefocusedoncontrollingtheexcessivelyrapidgrowthoffsfamoussaying"inflationiswheneverandwhereveramonetaryphenomenon"iswidelyknowninChina,mostthinkinf,theChinesegovernmenthasalwayspaidmuchattentiontothecontrolovernominalaggregatedemand(namely,themoneysupply),timesincetheoutbreakofAsianfinancialcrisisin1997,exceptfortherapidgrowthofthebroadmoneyM2in2009forthereasonofaddressingtheglobalfinancialcrisis,theM2growthinotheryearshasallbeencontrolledunder20%(15%~16%inmostoftheyears).ForChina,acountryundergoingitseconomictransformationandwithitsaverageeconomicgrowthratereachingmorethan10%,scontroloverthenominalaggregatedemand(moneysupply)hasbeengenerallysuccessfulinrecenttenyears,Chin(nominalaggregatedemand),butitalsorelatestocommodities(actualaggregatesupply),andthatwhenexcessmoneychasesafterlimitednumberofcommodities,"inflationiswheneverandwhereveramonetaryphenomenon"iscorrectinitself,,theChinesegovernment,whenimplementingcontroloverinflation,haspaidtoomuchattentiontothecontrolovernominalaggregatedemandormoneysupply,withlittleattentionpaidtothecontroloveractualaggregatesupply——Chinasmacroeconomicpolicyhasevenbeenlittleorientedtowardthecontroloveraggregatesupply,whereasproblemsexistingincontrolove,evenifthenominalaggregatedemandremainsstable,relatedtoimpropercontroloveraggregatesupply(ratherthanimpropermonetarycontrol),itscommoditysupplycomesfromtwosources:domesticproductionandnetimportsfromoverseas(whichmightbenegative).Therefore,controloveraggregatesupplyshouldincludetheaforesaidtwoaspects.LiangYangchunXiaoQingwenByLiangYangchun,ResearchDepartmentofIndustrialEconomyofDRCXiaoQingwen,EnterpriseResearchInstituteofDRCResearchReportNo45,sIronandSteelIndustryandNecessityforRestructuringofIronandSteelIndustryinShandongProvinceChina,whichstoodatonly128milliontonsin2000,begantogrowatanannualrateofmorethan20%%,%in2008,%,itscrudesteeloutputreached626milliontons,%,itsurbanizationprocesswillgain,spercapitasteelconsumptionisfarbelowthelevelsoftheUnitedStates,Japan,Sossteelindustryasawholewillcontinuetogrow,willslideto5%~10%.Atanaverageannualgrowthrateof5%,srealGDPgrowthcontinuestobefastinthisperiod,itscrudesteeloutputislikelytoriseatanannualrateofmorethan5%.ThesteelindustryisanepitomeofChinasheavyindustryindustry,whichhasoveremphasizedscaleexpansioninrecentyears,,,,,,howShandongssteelindustrywillrestructureitselfandpursueahealthydevelopmentwill,,thatabout16%ofthee,,onlyabout20%ofproductioncapacitiesarelocatedincoastalareas,,t,nomajorgandtransformation,itisimperat,Shandongfactorinput,,Shandongssteelindustrymustadjustitsregionaldistribution,andmo,ShandongssteelindustrymustadjustitsproductstructuresothatthegeneralandbsironandsteelindustryAsShandongssteelindustrywasnotedforamonotonousproductstructureandanirrationalratiobetweenplatesandpipes,therelevantinstitutionsinShandongdesignedapreliminary,theShandongProvincialPeoplesGovernmentpromulgatedtheGuidelincitiesofthesteelenterprisesincoastalareaswillrisefrom18%in2006tomorethan50%,buildingalargehigh-end,theShandongProvincialPeoplesGovernmentissuedthePlanfortheAdjustmentandRejuvenationofShandongsSteelIndustry(2009~2011).Accordingtotheplan,theprovincescrudesteeloutputwillbecontrolledatabout50milliontonsby2011,theenterpriseswillbereorganized,theoutdatedproductioncapacitieswillbeeliminated,andtheShandongIronand,industrialdistributionwillfocusoncoastalareas,,itn,ShandongProvinceisactivelystrivingtobecomeapi,itisdesignedtoeliminateoutdatedproductio,theprovincess,it,coastalareaswillaccountformorethan40%oftheprovincesproductioncapacitiesandmorethan30%oftheprovince,itisdesignedto,thegroup,,theproductioncapacitiesofJinanIronandSteelCompanyandLaiwuIronandSteelCompanymustbesuppressed,,ShandongIronandSteelGrou,ShandongIronandSteelGroupCompanywil,QingdaoIronandSteelCompanymustberelocatedfrom,JinanIronandSteelCompanyandLaiwuIronandSteelCompanywillgraduallyrelocatetheirremainingproductioncapacitiestocoastalareas.WeiJigangThekeyindustriessuchaspetrochemicals,ironandsteel,nonferrousmetals,equipmentmaking,electronicinformation,lightindustry,textiles,auto-makingandshipbuildingenewcenturyandtheoutburstofthefinancialcrisis,wiskeyindustrieshavedevelopedrapidlyinrecentyearsduetoacceleratedindustrializationandurbanization,high-levelmarketizationandopeningup,continuousscienceandtechnologyadvance,activepolicysupport,richfactorinput,acceleratedtransferofsomeindustriesfromdevelopedcountriestoChina,~2008period,theaverageannualaddedvaluegrowthwasabout20%forthepetrochemicalindustry,morethan20%forthelightindustry,%fortheequipmentindustry,and56%~2007period,%.Theautosalesgrewatanaverageannualrateof21%duringthe2000~erageannualrateofabout30%duringthe2001~%%duringthe2001~2008period,andt%duringthe2002~,,,35milliontonsofprocessedfibers,,,,,,137millionmicrocomputers,560millioncellphones,,nearlyhalfofcellphones,ICs,colorTVsets,displays,programmedswitchboards,thekeyindustries,butmostoftheseindustrieshavemaintainedahigh-growthmommentofChinaonoftenmajorindustries,thedrasticincreaseofgovernmentspending,thesubsidizedsalesofhomeappliancestoruralareas,thetrade-inofautomobilesandhomeappliancesfornewones,theadjustmentoftherealestatetransactiontax,theexemptionofpersonalincometaxfromtheinterestsofsavingsanddeposits,theadjustmentoftariffsforsomeexportproductsandexportrebates,em,thepromotionofemployment,,adjustingindustrialstructure,spurringdomesticdemand,promotingsocialstability,,andsolvedshort-termdifficultiesencounteredinindustrialdevelopment,thusensuringthestayingpowerforsustainedin,,mostofthekeyindustriesmaintainedafairlyhighgrowthbutsomeofthemwereseriously%,%forthechemicalindustry,%%,%,%%,theoutputvalueoftheenterprisesabovethestate-designatedscaletotaled10,,%,theoutputvalueofth%,orup47%,theoutputvalueofthe53,110textileenterprisesabovethestate-designatedscaletotaled3,,%,,%%,%009sincethebeginningofthenewcendastheworldeconomygraduallywarmedup,,,%ndentinnovationcapacity,industriallayoutandownershipstructure.(1)Boththeindependentinththroughthecourseof"import,digestion,absorptionandinnovation".Thankstotheirhighgrowth,thekeyindustrieshavegradu,anewtechnologicalinnovationmodelthatfeaturestheleadingrolesofenterprises,theguidanceofmarketsandthecooperationbetweenenterprises,universitiesandresearchinstitutionshasbeendeveloped,theinnovationoutputshavebeengrowingannually,technologicalbreakthroughshavebeenmadeinsomekeysectors,andtheoverallcapacityforindependentinnovationhasbecomesomewhatstronger.Buthigh-speedrailwaysarenotedforhugeinvestments,,constructionperiods,technologicaldevelopmentaswellassomeotherfactors,theyalsovarygreatlyintheinvestmentscale,,theconstructioncostisabout6~45millioneuroperkilometer,(atthe2005constantprice).,thetotalconstructioncostisashighas50~,theoperationalandmaintenancecostsofhigh-speedrailwaysarealsoveryhigh,withtheannualmaintenancecostbeingabout28,000~33,000europertrack-kilometer(atthe2002price).,ticket,,%%,theMadrid~Sevillehi,high-speedrailwaysrequireexceptionallyhighconstructionandmaortantfacto,%shareofthecountrysrailwaymarketduringthe2000~2006period,,theshareinGermanyrose9%,%.gurationoftheTokaidoShinkansen,aJapanesehigh-speedrailwaywiththehighestspeedof210kilometersperhour,~1983,duringwhichatotalof2,e(1964~1973).TheyweremainlybuiltinJapanandBritain,respectivelyclaiming43%and36%~2009,duringwhichatotalof4,des(1984~2003).Atpresent,theglobalmileageofhigh-speedrailwaystotals12,050kilometers,withJapanrankingfirstandclaiming2,,194kilometersofhigh-speedrailways,accountingforabout10%athigh-speedrailwaysstillaccountfo,the7,100-kilometerhigh-speedrailwaysaccountforlessthan4%,thetotalmileageofhigh-speedrailways,includingtheupgradedexistingrailwayswithaspeedofmorethan200kilometersperhour,is6,552kilometers,whichaccountsforabout7%ofthecountry,onlyninecountriesandregionsaroundtheworldhavehig,,withtheaveragespeedofmorethan250kilometersperhour.20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以ByChenDaofu,ResearchInstituteofFinanceofDRCResearchReportNo25,2013(Total4274)sMonetaryEnvironmentHasExperiencedProfoundChangesCurrencyalwaysplaysitsroleinoseconomyisundergoingthecriticalrestructuringinatransitionalstage,,thecurrencysupplyandtherela,Chinashouldpayclose,theeffectivemonetaryregulationandcontroltools,especiallythepricecontroltools,shouldbedevelo,thereliableestimateforthechangedmonetaryenvironmentandtheadjustmenttotheformercontroltoolsandintensityshouldbemadetoensurethatthecurrencyspcedtheimport-orientedoneTheexchangeratesystemisanimportantfactorinfluencingChina,China,theincreaseofthefundsoutstandingforforeignexchangewasalorforeignexchangeandthebasiccurrencyincreasekeptover100%;theratioevenreached324%,Chinawithdrawsandfreezestheexcessivebasiccurrencyinthemarketbyusingcen%,Chinastarted,,accountingfor27%,easingandreducetheloan-depositratioofbanks,hencerestrictingbanks,banksareforcedtointensifytheexpsM2moneysupplyismainlyachievedthrou,thefundsoutstandingforforeignexchangeaccountedfor40%-70%andsuchpercentageofloansfluctuatedbetween60%and80%.Thesum-totalofthetwopercentageexceeded100%,Chinawithdrewsomemoneysupplyinthemarket,,,thetotal-sumofthetwopercentageswasaround100%,thenewlyincreasedcreditsaccountedforabout80%whiletheincreasedfundsoutstandingforforeignexchangesawasubstantialdecrease,leavingthesum-totalofthetwofactorslessthan100%,Chinahadtorelyonmoremoneysupplymeanssuchasreducingthescaleofcentralbankbills,increasingpublicmoneyissue,entdirectlytotheforeigntradeenterprises(smallandmedium-sizedcompaniesincluded).However,whentheamountofthefundsoutstandingforforeignexchangedecreased,themoneysupplyreturnedtobedrivenmainlybyalfinancingstructureAsthemarket-basedinterestrateandtheeasedmarketaccessfacilitatetheintegrationofdifferentmarkets,China%,arecordlow,%%,,nslikesmallloancompanies,guaranteecompanies,pawnshops,peer-to-peer(P2P)lendingcompanies,%%attheendof2012,thesum-totalofthepercentagesinbondandstockfinancingofsuchenterprisescontinuedtoincreasefrom14%%squantitativecontroltoolsbecomelesseffective,,Chinashouldmakethemarketmoresensitivet,moneysupplyandsocialfinancingwererelativelyeasedcomparedtotheGDPandinflationin2012,thesmallandmedium-sizedenterpriseswerech,largenumbersofenterpriseshavingtroubleincashflowcouldacquirehigh-costfundsthroughsociallendingchannels,,thelocalgovernmentandstate-ownedenterpriseswithhugefunddemsin2012,,,accountingfor23%.,,theloan-to-depositratio,andthecapitaladequacyratio,bankstendtohavealimitedcre,thefinancingdifficultyandthehighfinancin,relevantdepartmentsshouldmakejointeffortstolowerthelocalgovernmentandstate-ownedenterprisesoccupationfohinaseconomyhassteppedintoanewdevelopmentstage,whichcanbedemonstratedintheoutstandingstructural(aperiodic)%since2002,buttheratedroppedaround20%,theratiooflong-andmedium-termbankloansalsosufferedacontinuousdroptoabout18%bytheendof2012whilethenon-financialenterprisesevensawa,thecapitaldemandsinChineseinfrastructureandrealestatewilltakeonadownwardtendencyduetothecapitalrestraints,whichrequiresChinatoseekforneweffectivefunddemands....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.、环亚手机娱乐场用户至上天龙注册自助领8 88体验金Source:imWhatmeritsattentionisthattherapidhousingpricerisehasbegunto,inMarch,salespricesofthenewlybuilthomesin23second-andthird-tiercitiesincreasedbymorethan10%,fromJanuarytoMarch,,%,,,,%,pri%,yearonyear,,andthesalespr%,,theaveragecompositesalespriceofcommercialhousingcameto5193yuan,%veresultedinunreasonablehomeleasingandsalespriceratiosandhousingprice-to-incomeratiosinsomecities,erealestatebubbletomakeagrowingnumberofaverageresidentsunabletoaffordthehomesandtoarousepanicamongthepublic,leahangesontherealestatemarketandthehousingpri,,thelandreservestobedevelop%overthepreviousyear,,thehandsomeinvestmentearningsgainedbyrealestateenterprisesoverrecen,whichkeepsthebidding,,thelandpricerisehasfurtheredtherapidhousingpriceriseinneighboringareasandhasconstantlydrivenupthehousingpricelevelonthewholemarket,thusbecomingalead-uptothisroundofhousingpricerise.Figure5:orthedeclineofmarketdemandgrowthAnimportantmeasureadopted,amongothers,(broadmoneysupply)%%.Inthefourthquarterof2011,duetoloanquotarestriction,thosewh,rdagainsttheaggravationofgovernmentdebtrisksincludedstabilizingthesizeoffinancialinvestmentfundoutlaysandexercisingstrictcontrolovertheinvestmentandfinancingplatformsoflocalgovernmentssoastowithdrawgovernmentinvestmentrapidly,entoftheworldeconomicstructureinthewakeofinternationalfinancialcrisis,theincreasinglyadverseinternationaltradeenvironment,theri’sconsumptionstructurecenter,realestateandconstructionindustriesreducedmarketdemandrelatedtobasicrawmaterial,engineeringmachineryan,withinadequatepolicysupport,thedeclineoftheerof2012Afterpriceriseandinflationarypressuresweakenednotably,toaddressthecontinuousdeclineofeconomicgrowth,themacroeconomicpolicybegantofocuson"stabilizinggrowth".Withrelevantpolicyadjustment,economicdevelopmentgraduallyshowedastableperformance.(1)InvestmentgrowthshowingastabletrendDuringJanuary-May,fixedassetinvestment(excludingpeasanthouseholds)%%duringJanuary-June,%%duringJanuary-November,,thegovernment-dominatedinfrastructureinvestment(includingpowerandheatsupply,communicationandtransportation,warehousing,postalservice,waterconservancyandurbanpublicutilitymanagement)%fromJanuarytoMay,%%fromJanuarytoOctober,withtheaccelerationofhomesales,therea,realestatesalestookanobviousturnforthebetter,thenumberofpropertydevelopers’,%fromJanuarytoNovember,mmargininthelatterhalfoftheyear,%fromJanuarytoNovember,yearonyear,xpectationforincreasedinvestment,itispredictedthatthemanufacturinginvestmentwillmaintainarelativelybriskmomentum.(2)ConsumptiongrowthmakingprogresswhileensuringstabilityTheeconomicdownturnsince2010remainedmoderateonthewholeandtheeconomicgrowthratemaintainedaminimumofover7%,ankruptcieswasseen,,thestabilityofemploymentsustainedthestabilityofincomegrowthandthestabilityofconsumerconfidence,,withtheimprovementofrealestatemarket,salesoffurniture,electricalhomeappliancesanddecorativematerialscloselyrelatedtohomepurchasetookanotableturnforthebetter,,rsandthepositiveresultsaccumulatedbyautoenterprisesinimprovingthecostperformanceoftheproducts,itis,theconsumptiongrowthwilltendtostabilizeandriseinthefuture.,(HEVs)aredevelopingunevenlyandtheproducttechnologiesarebackwardinallaspectsInChina,theHEVtechnologieshavebeenconscommercialHEVtechnologieshavedevelopedrapidly,yetthepas,theparallelandengineidlingstart-stopcontrolsystemhasbeenadoptedmostlyforChinaspassengerHEVs,yetChinahastomakeeffortstofillinthegapsinthefieldsofpower-splithybridelectricvehicle(PSHEV)technology,,ChinaspassengerHEVscansavefuelby15%~20%.Chinahasmainlyconcentrat,,thefirstperiodwillbefocusedonseriesandparallelconnection,andcurrentlythet(PHEV)areundergoingresearchanddevelopmentonthewholeSuchautovarietiesarefewandfarbetween,themanufacturersofpassengerPHEVsonthebulletinboardareBYD,FAWandGeely,,theun,whicharedividedintopureEVsandHEVs,areaPHEVm,China,theweightofF3DMhas,,althoughF3DMconsumessimilaramountoffuelasPlug-inPriusdoes,(EV)hasbecomeaprioritymodelfortheChinesefinishedautoenterprisesintheirHEVresearchanddevelopmentChinahas,inthemain,masteredsuchkeytechnologiesasvehiclecontrol,matchingofpowersystemandintegrateddesigning,andhassteppedonthewholefroms,Chinahasputforth49typesofpurepas,themajorfinishedautoenterpriseshaveallbroughtelectricvehicles,Dongfeng,Changan,Chery,GeelyandGreatWallhavealldevelopedthroughresearchpureelectriccars,yetelectricvehiclesofhighperformancearestilllaggingbehinda,intermsoffinishedproduct,brand-newmodelsareseenabroad,,lithiumironphosphatebatteriesaremainlyusedinChina,,therearestillhugegapsbetweenChina-madevehiclesandthosemadeabroadintermsofreliability(failurerate),iencingresearch,developmentandtestTheresearchanddevelopmentofthetechnicalplatformforfuelcellvehicled,progresshasbeenmadeinfuelcellautotechnologieswhicharestillundergoingresearch,sfuelcellautotechnologiesandadvancedworldlevelsintermsofsuchkeyindicatorsascoldstarttemperature,lifespan,,yetbreakthroughshavenotbeencompletelymadeinkeytechnologiesChinahasindependentlydevelopedMHandLithium-Ionautopowercellsof6amperehoursto100amperehours,withsuchkeyins,yettheengineeringability,grouptechnology,lifespan,reliability,charge-dischargeability,energymanagementandheatmanagementoftheproducts,especiallyofthegroupproductsystem(batterypack),breakthroughshavenotbeenthoroughlymadeinthemembranetechnologyandthePE-AL-PPtechnologyforpowercells,thusresultinginsmallproductionscaleandpoorstabilityandconsistencyofproductbatches,haspositiveandnegativeelectrodesandelectrolyte,andsuchma,sandthedevelopmentofpassengerHEVslagsbehindAsoftheendof2011,theoutputofChinasHEVshadachievedanaccumulativetotalof16,,enormousprogresshasbeenmadeintheindustrializationofcommercialHEVs,whichisreflectedbytheenrichednumberofvehiclemodels,steadilygrowingoutput,escalationofcommercializationbyawidemargi,thention,Chinahadmanufacturedanaccumulativetotalof9,,then%,thenumberofpassengerHEVsmadebyGMaccountedfor19%,thenumber,andmassproductionofthepassengerHEVswasstartedbySAICMotorCorp,DongfengMotorGroupandZhejiang,ChinauchtransnationalcorporationsasToyota,GMandVolkswagen,thereisapressingneedtoindustrializeChinasindependenentTheindustrializationofpureHEVshasjuststartedandtheoutputofpurepassengerHEVshasreachedamaximumaccumulativetotal,andsuchHEVs,Chinahadproducedanaccumulativetotalof4,,AnhuiChery,JAC,JiangnanAutomobileandBYDhadmanufacturedanaccumulativetotalof2370,592,,BYDandNingboShenmahadproducedanaccumulativetotalof347,,enterprisesannouncedfortheproductionofplug-inpassengerHEVsareonlyBYD,FAWandGeely,whileSAIC,BAIerautomanufacturerssuchasWuzhoulongMotors,ZhongTongBus,Ankai,,asoftheendof2011,atotalof20,,therehasbeenfewerstarandmainmodelsamongpureHEVsandplug-inHEVsinChina,skeyautoenterprisestobeincreasedinpureandplug-inHEVsinthefuture,itispredictedthatindustrializationprocesswillbecomeaccelerated.、DVORByGongSen,ZhangWenkuiChenChangshengResearchReportNo122,2010Ensuringandimprovingpeopleswell-beinginvolvesemploymentpromotion,incomedistribution,education,healthcare,housingguarantee,socialassistanceandsocialinsurance,andtheliableentitiesincludeindividuals,families,employingunits,ermsofeducation,healthcare,housing,,thefirstthreearebasicpublicservi~2015,irst30yearssincereformandopeningup,sassumethattheannualaverageexportgrowthrateis12%orsobetween2010~2015,~%during2010~2015period,thenaccordingtothepreliminarycalculationmadeatconstantpricesof2008,thedeclineoftheexpo~,,,basedonthedifferencesinaddedvalueratesofbothdomesticandforeigndemand,securityandthehouseholdconsumptionratearebothonthelowside,sdomesticdemand,investmenthasgrownhighly,,theimprovem,tofurthertapthelatentpotentialitiesforthegrowthofthxpenditureinclusiveofsocialinsurancefund,theproportionofexpenditureonbasicsocialsecurity(includingeducation,healthcareandhousing)intotalexpenditurespentbythegovernmentsofcountrieswiththeirper-capitaGDPreaching3000~%onanaverage(,,DC.),whilesuchaproportioninChinaregistered38%orsoin2008(figuredoutaccordingtoChinaFinancialYearbook,2009,ChinaSocialInsuranceYearbook,2009andstatisticalbulletinsondevelopmentofsocialundertakings).Comparingthetwopercentages,GDP,,healthcare,housingsecurity,socialassistanceandold-agelife,%(WangShanmai,"GivingPrioritytoDevelopingSocialSecurityRequiresUrgentInput",,January13,2009),2%(WHO,),1%(LiuZhifeng,"DevelopingLow-rentHousingIsaMoveforImprovingtheUrbanHousingSecuritySystem",,May25,2008),%(Weigand,,DC:WorldBank.)%[Asher,:,Robert,etal.(eds.)ClosingtheCoverageGap::WorldBank.]respectively,%,whileproportionsoffivetypesoffinancialexpenditurespentbyChinain2008(figuredoutaccordingtoChinaFinancialYearbook,2009,ChinaSocialInsuranceYearbook,2009andstatisticalbulletinsondevelopmentofsocialundertakings)%,%,%,%and0%respectively,%.ComparingthepercentagesbetweenChinaandtheaforesaidcountries,,,,,rsandthehouseholdconsumptionrate,thehouseholdconsumptionrateoftheEastAsiancountrieswiththeirper-capitaGDPreaching3000USdollarsorsoshouldbearound60%(/WDI.),%,ionofnationalincometoisprimarydistributionofitsnationalincome,theabsoluteincomelevelo,theincomegapbetweenregions,ruralandurbanareas,,someproblemsthatcropupintheprimarydistributionhav,slaborshareisbasicallyinlinewiththe"UCurve"(Inthecourseoftheeconomicdevelopmentinvariouscountries,thechangeoflaborshareinprimarydistributionshowstheUCurve,namely,thelaborsharedeclinesbeforeitrises,,LiuLinlinWangHongling:"UCurveofLaborShareEvolutioninGDP",EconomicResearch,1stIssueof2009)supportedbyinternationalstatistics,andthewideningincomegapbetweenChineseresidentsalsotallieswith"KuznetsCurve"(WangXiaoluFanGang:"AnAnalysisoftheTrendsoftheIncomeGapinChinaandtheInfluencingFactors",EconomicResearch,10thIssueof2005).AccordingtoKuznetsanalysis(Kuznets,,AmericanEconomicReview,)ofthechangingincomegap,asimilarityexistsbetweenChinaandthecountriesofmaturemarketeconomy,namely,industrializationandurbanizationwillinitiallycauseandaggravatethelowratioofthelaborshareinincomedistributionandthegrowingdisparityandwillyetimprovetheincomedistributioninthelongrun.LongGuoqiang,ZhangLiping,HuJiangyunFangJinTodevelopindependentinnovationisanimportantt,tobuildcapacityofindependentinnothe,thenumberofforeign-investedenterprises(FIEs)approvedbyChinahadreachedanaccumulativetotalof670,tionintobetterplayisaquiteimportantissueforChina’studies,theTaskForce1hascomeupw,wecarriedoutaquestionnairesurveyamongforeign-investedmanufacturingenterprisesandforeign-investedRDcenters(institutions),,wehaveputforwardpolicysuggestionsongivingfullplaytothepositiveroleplayedbyFIEsinindependentinnovation..,independentinnovationcomesupinthreedifferentforms,namely,originalinnovation,integrdtheimplicationof"independent”,effectivepoliciesforfacilitatingindependentinnovationcannotbeformunovationactivities:ledbyChinesecorporatebodies(enterprisesorteachingandresearchinstitutions),beneficialtoformingorenhancingtheinnovationabilityofChineseenterprises/institutions,andentinnovation,thenitw,thedefinit,theinnovationactivitiesconductedby,someoverseascompaniesentrusttheirRDprojectstoChineseenterprisesorRDinstitutions,withtheChineseinstitutionshavingneitherdecision-makinganddominatingrightsovertheprojectsnorintellectualpropertyrights(IPRs)onductresearch,whereastheoverseasinstitutionisnotthesubsidiaryoftheChineseenterpriseandsuchactivitiesarenotbeneficialtoformingorenhancingtheRDcapacityofChina,,someChineseautoenterprisesentrustEuropeandesigningcompaniestoworkoutnewtypesofcarstobeproducedinChina,,thentheRDactivitieswillberegardedasinnition,,HuaweiGrouphassetupsomeRDcentersoverseasandhasconductedinnovationactivitiesthroughthosecentersanditsatisfiesthethreeconditions,thus,theactivitiesconductedbyHua,yettheIPRsdonotbelongtotheChineseentitiesbuttoanoverseascompany,thensuchanactivityshouldnotberegardedasindependentinnovation,,someODMprojectshavebeenresearchedanddevelopedbyChineseenterprisescannotberegardedasinovationTherehavebeencontroversiesovertherelationctanberegrd,tojudgewhetheraninnovationactivityisanindependentinnovationshouldnotbebased,transnationalcorporationshavesetupmorethanonethousandRDinstitutionsinChinaandquiteanuldbeviewedasindependentinnovation,whileothershavenotcompliedw,PanAsiaTechnicalAutomotiveCenterisajointventureestablishedbyGeneralMotorsCorporationandSAICMotorwi,someofPanAsia’sRDactivitiesconductedinChinashouldbeviewedasindepend,althoughanumberofforeign-investedRDinstitutionshaveregisteredthemselvesinChinaasChina-basedcompaniesandarecompetentindoingresearchanddevelopment,however,astheRDdecisionsaremadebytheiroverseasparentcompanies,theydonothavethedominatingrightoverRDactivitiesandtheintellectualpropertyrightsovertheirRDresultsareownedbytheiroverseasparentcompanies,therefore,,therelationshipsbetweenFIEsandindependentinnovationandbetweensuchentalpartofindependentinnovation.HanJun,XuXiaoqing,GuoJianjun,YuBaoping,QinZhongchun,ZhangYunhuaFanXuezhiResearchReportNo97,2010After30yearsofreformandopening-up,Chinasoverallnationalstrengthissignificantlyimproved,andChinahasenteredthestagewhereindustrypromotesagricultureandurbanareaselevateruralareaswithsignificantlyenhancedabilityofgettingindustrysupportingagricultureandurbanareassupportingruralareasAndruraldevelopmenthasalsoenteredanewstagewherethepoliciestoaidagricultureandbenefitfarmersarebasicallyformedandasystemframewoist,therewouldbenosurvivalguaranteetothewholesociety;withoutprosperousruralareas,therewouldbenostablefoundationforthewholesociety;withoutrichfarmers,thedevelopmentofmodernization,"12thFive-YearPlan",weshouldtakethereformanddevelopmentofcountrysideintotheconsiderationoftheoverallsituationofthecauseofsocialismwithChinesecharacteristics,andweshouldmakethearrangementunderthecircumstancesofdeepeneddevelopmentofindustrialization,urbanization,marketization,s17thNationalCongress,"greatbannerofsocialismwithChinesecharacteristics",followtheguidanceofDengXiaopingTheoryandthethoughtofThreeRepresents,thoroughlyapply"ScientificOutlookonDevelopment",balanceurbanandruraldevelopment,andtakeissuesfacingagriculture,ruralareasandfarmersasthetoppriorityofthePartyalconstructionasChinassocialandeconomicstrategicbasisforfurtherdevelopment,andtaketheprogressofintegratingeconomicandsocialdevelopmentinurbanandruralareasasmajorstrategyofChina"givingmore,takinglessandlooseningcontrol",deepenruralreformandpushforwardtheinstitutionalinnovation,taketheroadofagriculturalmodernizationwithChinesecharacteristics,promotethestabledevelopmentinagriculture,growthinfarmersincomes,strivetoguaranteethebasicsupplyofmainfarmproducts,solveproblemsaboutlivelihoodinruralareas,andmakeprogreevelopedproduction,affluentlifeandasoundecologicalenvironment,andrealizeruralandurbanbenigninteractivity,"12thFive-YearPlan",guaranteethepredominantstatusoffamershouseholdbusinessandacceleratethe"TwoTransformations"agementonthebasisofhouseholdcontractmanagementisthebasicmanagementsysteminChinasruralareasandthecornerstoneforthePartyreformandinnovationmustlieinthefactthatonthebasisofguaranteeingfarmersfamily-orientedcontractoperation,weshouldcombinetheseadvantagesoffamilysdecentralizedoperationwiththoseofunifiedmanagementandservices,acceleratethe"TwoTransformations"inthemodeofagriculturaloperation,suchashouseholdoperationtransformingtowardadoptingadvancedtechnologyandmeansofproduction,unifiedmanagementdevelopingtowardcooperationandco-managementwithfarmers,soastoformadiversified,sagriculturaldevelopments,thehouseholdmanagementdoesnotonlyapplytotraditionalagriculturewhichisbasedonmanuallabor,butisalsoinlinewithmodernagr,wedonothavetoworryabouttheissupractices,thesmall-sizedlandmanagementpatterndoesnotrepeltheapplicationofadvancedagriculturaltechnologies,suchashigh-qualityseeds,fertilizers,pesticides,irrigationtechniquesandsoon,anditisnotstronglyconnectedwithfarmerslandmanagement;Andfortheuseofagriculturalmachines,althoughthosefarmerswithscaledfarmingmaybelimitedtosomeextent,theycanstillrealizehighermechanizationandapplicationefficiencybypurchasingsuitableagriculturathatthereisnopossibilitytotaketheroadofdevelopedEuropeanandAmerimproveintensificationofhouseholdoperation,,theefficientpetty-farmereconomicregimeisthebasicsocialmechanismforthecountrieswithlargepopulationandlimitedfarmlandtoguaranteefarmersspecificnationalconditionswithahugepopulationandlimitedfarmland,theimprovementofagriculturalmodernizationwillmainlyfocusonconsistentfamily-orientedmanagementandtheprincipleoffarmlandonlyforagriculturaluse,encouragingconcentrationoflandtoprofessionalfarmers,guaranteeingfarmersoperationandbenefits,avoidingindustrialandcommercialenterprisesfromleasingfarmerscontractedfarmlandforlongtimeandinlargesize,sunifiedmanagementregimeandimprovethedegreeoffarmers,itisstillhardforChineseagriculturesunifiedmanagementandserviceregimetomeetrequirementsofmodernagriculturetractmanagement,,collectiveorganizationsatvillagelevelinsomedevelopedareaswithadequatefinancialresourcescanprovideunifiedservicetofarmers,butmajorityofcollectiveorganizationsatvillagelevelwithhumbleincomemaylevel,giveafurtherfullplaytocollectiveorganizationscapabilityatcountrysidelevelinaspectsofunifiedmanagementandservice,andreinforcethevillages,cooperativesasthestrategicmeasuresfunctionsinorganizingfarmers,implementingpoliciesandgearingupformarketaccordingtotheprincipleof"servingfarmers,givingfarmersrighttojoinandleavecooperativesonavoluntarybasis,,givingfarmersequalrightsandenactingademocraticmanagement".Weshouldreinforcethesupporttospecializedfarmerscooperatives,fulfillLawsofthePeoplesRepublicofChinaonSpecializedFarmersCooperatives,supportthedevelopmentofspecializedfarmerscooperativesintheaspectsoffiscalallocation,taxpreference,financialsupportandsoon,enhanceitscapabilityandlevelofservingagriculturalindustry,andmakeittobethemodernagriculturalorganizationinguidisnon-profitagriculturalserviceorganizations,variouskindsofagriculturalsocializedserviceorganizations,industrialmanagementorganizations,andleadingenterpriseswiththeparticipationoffarmersforindustrializedoperationsallpla,promotereformandconstructionofagriculturaltechnologypopularization,strengthennonprofitservice,improveorganizationandserviceteam,establishfundprotectionmechanism,,givefullplaytotwomechanismscapabilitiesincludinggovernmentalguidanceandmarketdrive,quickencultivationofallkindsofagriculturessocializedserviceorganizations,andpromotecomprehensiveservicesinthefieldsofinformation,technology,purchaseandselling,finance,agriculturalmachinesandsoon.。

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